Scoliosis is a kind of orthopedic disorder, also called spinal curvature in the colloquial language. The curvature of the spine in the neck, back and waist regions by curving to the right or left defines scoliosis and is also known as posture disorder.
Scoliosis problems are common during adolescence. Scoliosis acquired at birth can also occur during childhood or later. The most basic determining factor in the diagnosis and diagnosis of scoliosis is severe back and low back pain, which varies according to the type of scoliosis.
Another symptom for the diagnosis of scoliosis is the visible posture disorder. The presence of one shoulder higher than the other, abnormal swelling in a part of the back, or different levels of shoulder and hip symmetry, in other words, posture disorder is another helpful characteristic symptom for the diagnosis of scoliosis.
Scoliosis, which cannot be clearly observed with posture disorder in the first stage of formation, gives the first signals to the patient with severe low back and back pain. If scoliosis is not treated, it may show different symptoms depending on its severity and type. Symptoms of scoliosis, which vary according to the type of scoliosis, can be listed as follows;
Although scoliosis is generally known as a posture disorder whose cause cannot be determined exactly, it is medically considered in three different types.
Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis. Since the cause of idiopathic scoliosis is not known clearly, it got its name from the expression idiopathic, that is, "the cause is unknown". Idiopathic scoliosis is manifested by postural dysfunction resulting from a C- or S-shaped curvature of the spine to the right or left.
Neuromuscular scoliosis is another common type of scoliosis. Cerebral palsy, polio or spinal cord injuries can be given as examples for the diagnosis of this type of scoliosis. As can be seen from the development of the disease, neuromuscular scoliosis can usually be seen in the childhood stages, but it has been found among the findings that it is seen in the later stages.
Congenital scoliosis is a type of congenital scoliosis that occurs due to the spinal alignment that occurs during the development of the baby in the mother's womb. Since congenital scoliosis progresses rapidly, especially in the first years, early diagnosis and intervention for this scoliosis is vital for the later developmental stages of the child.
Three basic degrees are taken as a basis in the diagnosis and treatment of scoliosis, in other words, posture disorder. Scoliosis grading is done with a scoliometer and the degree of rotation is calculated in the curvature of the spinal cord, with the other definition of rotation accompanying the curvature.
Diagnosis and diagnosis of scoliosis is made for scoliosis grades of 10 degrees and above. Scoliosis ratings below 10 degrees are defined as spinal asymmetry. With the calculated scoliosis grades, scoliosis is evaluated in three basic groups as low, common and advanced, and the treatment method is determined according to the scoliosis grades.
Scoliosis treatment varies according to scoliosis grading. The degree of scoliosis measured with a scoliometer is the degree of rotation in the spinal cord curvature that accompanies the curvature.
In scoliosis curvatures below 20 degrees, the patient is followed closely and regular swimming and back and waist exercises are recommended to the patient. In order to stop the development of this type of scoliosis curvature and to ensure the success of the process, it is vital to apply the recommended exercises with the approval of expert physiotherapists, and the development of scoliosis is generally controlled with regular exercises.
Scoliosis curvatures between 20 and 40 degrees are commonly observed between the ages of 10-15 and are defined as moderate scoliosis. This type of scoliosis curvature has the potential to grow and its treatment is followed by a brace. It is a physical therapy method. It is vital that physical therapy is carried out under the supervision of expert physiotherapists.
Scoliosis curvatures above 40 degrees have a high degree of importance with the finding of severe posture disorder, and scoliosis surgery is considered in people with this type of scoliosis case.
Surgery is not the first choice for the treatment of scoliosis in adults. For the treatment of scoliosis cases, non-surgical methods are applied first, the development of scoliosis is monitored and controlled.
The most common first intervention method used in adult scoliosis cases is physical therapy under the control of a specialist physiotherapist. In adults, physical therapy is applied to strengthen and balance the spine and aims to control the development of scoliosis.
Because scoliosis is a pain-centered disorder; Another method used in scoliosis disorders is It is a manual therapy method. Manual therapy practices and manual interventions to the pain center play an important role both in the control of scoliosis development and in lower back, back and shoulder pain. It is vital that physical therapy and manual therapy applications are applied under the supervision of expert physiotherapists. With scoliosis exercises, it is aimed to relieve waist, back and shoulder pain and deformity in the spine.
Another definition of scoliosis is that posture disorder can be taken under control with exercise programs performed under the control of expert physiotherapists. Scoliosis exercise programs are personalized programs that teach the person with scoliosis to change the position of the spine, and it is vital to progress under the control of expert physiotherapists.
Scoliosis exercises As it strengthens the back muscles, it helps to increase the mobility of people with scoliosis. Scoliosis exercises control the development of scoliosis by aiming to control weight in overweight people.
Scoliosis exercises vary according to the grading of the scoliosis curvature to stop the development of scoliosis. With correctly applied scoliosis exercise programs, it is aimed to reduce the pain and muscle tension as well as to eliminate the posture disorder. For the scoliosis exercise program suitable for the scoliosis type, help from specialist physiotherapists should be sought. Incorrect applications can lead to permanent posture disorder or physical damage to the body.
Scoliosis is a common orthopedic problem today and it can be controlled and corrected with physical therapy, manual therapy and regular exercises under the control of specialist therapists. With the help of scoliosis discomfort, regular scoliosis exercises and manual therapy, which can be controlled with physical therapy, the progression of scoliosis symptoms can be slowed down, stopped and even positive development can be achieved. It is vital that physical therapy, manual therapy and regular scoliosis exercises are performed under the control of specialist physiotherapists.
For the diagnosis and diagnosis of scoliosis, it is necessary to apply to the Orthopedics Department of the hospitals. Scoliosis treatment is started according to the degree of scoliosis determined in the light of advanced examinations, and scoliosis development is controlled by applying manual therapy together with personalized scoliosis exercises and physical therapy programs according to the scoliosis type.
Scoliosis is a type of orthopedic disorder, also known as curvature of the spine, and can cause serious health problems if left untreated. Scoliosis occurs when the spine bends to the right or left in the neck, back and lumbar regions, and over time, the curved spine begins to press on the rib cage. As long as scoliosis is not intervened, this pressure can make the patient's breathing process difficult.
Another symptom of scoliosis is low back, back and shoulder pain. Unless intervened with regular scoliosis exercises, physical therapy and manual therapy methods, scoliosis can lead to the formation of chronic pain that increases severely in the body. Therefore, early intervention in scoliosis disorders is of great importance.