The discomfort that occurs as a result of deformation or loss of function and wear of the discs located between the vertebrae in the neck region of the body and providing the movement and flexibility of the vertebrae for various reasons is called neck hernia or Cervical Disc Hernia.
There are a total of 33 vertebrae on the spine, which allows the body to stand upright, and these vertebrae are connected to each other by discs and joints, forming the spinal system. While providing body mobility, discs prevent excessive load on the vertebrae and help the spine system to move in harmony.
There are 7 vertebrae in the neck region and 5 discs between them, and the main task of these vertebrae and discs is to provide rotational movement of the head. Due to various factors such as sudden reverse or wrong movements, lifting weights in the wrong position, the discs are exposed to excessive pressure and torn, causing pressure on the nerves inside, causing the nerves to overflow, resulting in deterioration in the posture of the vertebrae. This deformation or deterioration in the neck region is called neck hernia.
Neck hernia is a muscle disorder that can develop due to advanced age. In neck hernias that develop due to advanced age, it is located in the center of the discs and acts as a suspension for the vertebrae. decreases in disc fluids it occurs. In case of a decrease in the current fluid, the discs cannot carry out their duties as before, causing the hierarchy between the vertebrae to deteriorate; This causes neck hernia to occur.
Neck hernia symptoms vary from person to person, depending on the degree of discomfort. The most common symptom is muscle pain. appears in the form. Depending on the deformation of the discs and degeneration of the vertebrae, that is, the degree of wear, the pain can manifest itself by intensifying from the neck to the back, scapula, shoulder, back of the head and fingertip.
Apart from the muscle pain that develops due to neck hernia, in advanced hernias, numbness, tingling and loss of strength can be seen in certain areas of the arms and fingers, depending on the degree of compression of the nerves protruding between the vertebrae as a result of the rupture of the discs.
The main symptoms of neck hernia are observed as follows;
There are 7 vertebrae in the neck region of the body spine, and the first of these is located just below the skull. This vertebra, called C1, was given the name "atlas". It moves synchronously with the C2 vertebra just below the atlas vertebra and is responsible for the rotation of the head.
Neck hernia, which occurs as a result of deformation on the C2 nerve root due to old age or other external reasons, causes contraction of the neck muscles. These contractions, which are above the normal level, cause a feeling of pain in the eyes and ears and headache.
Since herniated disc is a disorder on the body spine system, it can often be seen in people who lack regular movements or lift heavy loads, and negatively affect their quality of life. Neck hernia symptoms usually occurs between the ages of 25-40 is observed, and a generally sedentary lifestyle is considered among the main causes of neck hernia. Lifting heavy loads, making reverse movements, frequent pushing movements It can increase the risk of rupture of the discs between the vertebrae and cause neck hernia.
A lifestyle away from sports habits is another point to be considered in the formation of neck hernia. Working at the computer for a long time, keeping the phone, computer screen and tablet below eye level, working looking down for a long time, talking with the phone between the head and neck, and most importantly posture (posture) disorder It is also among the other important causes of neck hernia.
Although neck hernia is not a genetically transmitted disease, it can be caused by the sensitivity of disc joints. genetic factors Due to the fact that it is effective, it is among the possibilities that neck hernia, which is seen in the mother and father, can also be seen in the child. Functional exercise and clinical pilates are recommended for people with a history of neck hernia, especially in their family and first degree relatives, to strengthen the muscle tissues and to preserve the flexibility of the disc joints.
Aging is an effective cause of threatening neck hernia. As you get older, the discs on the vertebrae lose fluid and begin to lose their flexibility, causing deformations on the vertebrae. Deformation that starts on the vertebrae causes neck hernia. For this reason, regular medical fitness and massage are recommended especially for people over 50 years old under the control of expert physiotherapists. medical fitness ve masaj The structure of the spine system is tried to be preserved and it is aimed to eliminate the deformations on the vertebrae.
Usually, neck hernia occurs as a result of sudden stress or reflex, and this sudden flexion, extension or twisting can occur during a fall or an automobile accident. For this reason, in order to prevent the occurrence of neck hernia, people with a history of accident are definitely recommended to check up under the control of a physiotherapist. During this check-up, the patient's mobility is observed and it is checked whether there is any deformation on the neck vertebrae.
The most important way to prevent neck hernia is to correct your posture. Correct posture (posture) distributes your body weight equally, allows the spine to move in its natural curve and acts as a precaution against possible movement restriction. Simple exercises that can be applied during the day are recommended for correct posture. Lying on your back on a hard surface, support cushions are placed under the waist and neck pit, and the arms and legs are stretched in the opposite direction to maintain the healthy shape of the spine for correct posture. my physiorite Regular posture (posture) exercise programs under the control of expert physiotherapists in Ankara physiotherapy center are shown as an effective way to prevent neck hernia.
Lifting a load with unbalanced weight distribution causes movement restriction and neck hernia. For this reason, it is of great importance to keep the back straight and bend from the knees while lifting weights. Otherwise, the heavy load will press on the discs more than they should, causing the nerves to protrude by tearing the disc.
One of the best measures that can be taken against the risk of neck hernia is to make regular exercise such as yoga and pilates a routine of daily life. Regular exercises such as yoga and pilates relax the spine and aim to reduce the tension of the body by allowing less load on the back. In addition, regular exercise programs regulate eating habits and also create healthy weight control on the body.
Supporting the curvature in the waist and neck region for correct posture, sitting and lying positions is another factor to be done to prevent neck pain and neck hernia. Unsupported neck and waist cause pain, and it is recommended to use a reinforcement pillow for neck and waist curves in order not to cause neck pain. Especially on long journeys, using a neck pillow while traveling on a bus, plane or train eliminates the risk of future neck hernia.
Correct and regular mobility is of great importance in the treatment of neck hernia. Although painkillers and inflammatory drug supplements are one of the quick solutions to muscle pain such as neck pain and low back pain, regular physical therapy therapies and exercise programs are recommended for a positive course of treatment.
physical therapy methods It is aimed to return the disc to its former ability by pressing on the herniated disc by using a combination of manual therapy methods. The stretching method, which is a manual therapy method, also aims to relax the spine by stretching the discs between the vertebrae.
Continuity is very important in the treatment of neck hernia. Regular exercise programs after physical therapy Successful results have been observed with the treatment. The preparation and implementation of exercise programs under the control of expert physiotherapists is vital for a healthy treatment program. my physiorite In the physiotherapy center, personalized programs are applied on lumbar hernia and neck hernia, according to the degree of herniated disc.
In particular, patients who come with complaints of neck pain are included in a treatment therapy program after preliminary examinations and scans for diagnosis and diagnosis at the Fizyoritim wellness and physiotherapy center. According to this program prepared, physical therapy, manual therapy, clinical pilates, medical massage and medical fitness programs are applied. Neck hernia is a condition that improves with regular neck movement, exercises and physical therapy methods, and very rarely, surgical operation may be required for treatment, depending on the severity of the disease.
Neck hernia regularly applied physical therapy, manual therapy, medical fitness and pilates exercises It is a treatable condition. The continuity of the therapy and exercises applied under the control of expert physiotherapists is of great importance for the successful outcome of the treatment. In addition to the treatment methods applied according to the course of the disease in physical therapy centers, daily exercises that the patient can perform on his own play an important role in the treatment of neck hernia.
Daily individual exercises applied in the treatment of neck hernia aim to strengthen the muscles on the deformed area and to regain the flexibility of the vertebrae in the old alignment by recovering the discs. Implementation of existing exercises under the control of a specialist physiotherapist is of vital importance in order not to cause future disability. At the Fizyoritim Ankara Physiotherapy and Physiotherapy Center, successful results are obtained regarding the treatment of neck hernia and detailed controls are made for each patient, and methods that will record success according to the degree of the disease are applied.
Neck straightening occurs with deformations on the vertebrae in the neck region and the loss of the C-shaped curve of the neck spine as a result of these deformations. In the treatment of neck straightening, the use of a medical neck collar recommended by specialist physiotherapists, depending on the angle of straightening in order to restore the spine to its former shape, is among the things that have positively affected the course of treatment.
Depending on the level of neck straightening, a medical neck collar made of a simple sponge or a medical neck collar made of harder materials that extend up to the nape, back and breastbone of the person are generally used to rest the neck, to prevent posture disorders, and to prevent the neck from looking down. Regular use of a neck collar, performed in line with the prescribed time, plays an important role in the treatment of neck straightening.